Bullet Train (Shinkansen)
As a high density country Japan expands very advanced mass transportation systems especially trains and subways are the most popular ones among them. Rail networks have been developed in all over Japan. JR group, Japan Railways group, operates almost 70% of domestic railway network. They publish Japan Rail Pass that helps foreign visitors travel around Japan economical way.
Bullet Train (Shinkansen)
World known as The Bullet Train, The Shinkansen fascinates foreign tourists. Since October 1964 Shinkansen has been developed as a fastest safest train. Japanese nation admires and proud of it as a symbol of heavy industry. Shinkansen runs average 300kmh, about 186mph, takes only 2 hours and a half between Tokyo to Osaka by Nozomi the fastest one. In addition to that they depart every 10 minutes in rush hours very punctual. You don't need to get time table just go to station ride it.
The Shinkansen, or bullet train, made history in 1964 as the world's first high-speed train. The shinkansen is more than just a mode of transportation - it is a uniquely Japanese experience. Immaculately clean, comfortable, and remarkably fast, it is the epitome of efficiency and the pride of the shockingly prompt Japan Rail network.
Originally built to connect Japan's urban areas for the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, construction of the shinkansen rail lines was a tremendous feat, as most of the track had to be raised on viaducts above existing developments or tunneled through mountains. The bullet trains themselves are a marvel of engineering, and the new trains are as sleekly futuristic now as the originals were when they were built over forty years ago, though the network of lines now extends far beyond the original Tokaido which ran between Tokyo and Kyoto.
Incredibly, in a land of typhoons, earthquakes and heavy snowfall, the trains always keep to schedule, sometimes running just three minutes apart at nearly 200mph. The fastest shinkansen service, the Nozomi, covers the distance between Kyoto and Tokyo in under three hours: more efficient than air travel, and much more comfortable.
During both tailor made and scheduled tours, there will be ample opportunity to experience speeding through the countryside with tea plantations, orange groves, rice paddies and Mount Fuji providing the perfect backdrop. Eating an obento, or boxed lunch, on the bullet train, and watching the scenery zipping past is a wonderful way to experience Japan very much as the Japanese do.
Almost each major city populated over one million has subway system called Chikatetsu. Tokyo subway is the most highly used transit system in the world. Combine of Tokyo Metro and Toei Chikatetsu carried 3, 161 billion passengers in 2010 ranked No.1 in the world.
Japan has an efficient, safe and cost-effective system of city subways, allowing rapid movement around its inner urban areas.
Tokyo, Yokohama, Nagoya, Sendai, Sapporo, Kyoto, Osaka, Kobe and Fukuoka have city subway networks, liked to other rail systems including the JR Yamanote Line in Tokyo, the JR Loop Line in Osaka and JR shinkansen lines.
Automated Ticketing System
Passengers can pass quickly through the automatic ticket gates simply by lightly touching "Suica" to the gate even with the pass in a holder.
Tokyo's subway system is one of the largest and busiest in the world. There are 13 lines, 8 operated by Tokyo Metro or TRTA (Teito Rapid Transit Authority) -formerly Eidan Subway - and 4 lines managed by Toei Subway run by Tokyo Metropolitan Government. Each line has a color and a number and each station also has a number.
Tokyo Metro operated lines are: Chiyoda Line, Fukutoshin Line, Hanzomon Line, Hibiya Line, Marunouchi Line, Nanboku Line, Tozai Line and Yurakucho Line.
Toei Subway operated lines are:Asakusa Line, Mita Line, Oedo Line, Shinjuku Line.
*Toei also operates a streetcar, the Arakawa Line between Minowabashi and Waseda.
Ticket prices for the subway in Tokyo start at 160 yen, but if you are spending any time in Tokyo it would be wise to invest in a PASMO or SUICA rechargeable card to ease connetctions between the two systems and save on the wait for buying tickets.